TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL HERBS

1 - Rooi Wortel.jpg

Red carrot, Rooiwortel 

Scientific Name

Bulbine latifolia Spreng

Plant Part Harvested

Rhizome

Medicinal Properties

Bulbine latifolia is popular among the traditional healers. The roots are used, taken orally to quell vomiting and diarrhoea, but also for a number of other ailments, including diabetes adn rheumatism (Van Wyk et al 1997). The leaf sap is used to treat wounds, burns, eczema, rashes and itches.

2 - Wilde Knoffel.jpg

Wild garlic, Wilde knoffel 

Scientific Name

Tulbaghia capensis

Plant Part Harvested

Bulb

Medicinal Properties

The plant has been shown to have antibacterial, antifungal and antithrombotic properties. The leaves have also been used for oesophageal cancer and sinus headaches. When planted around the house, Tulbaghia violacea keeps snakes, mosquitoes, ticks and fleas away. In the garden, they attract bees, butterflies and moths.

3 - Africannn Potato.jpg

African potato, Afrikaaartappel (A) Nonkwe

Scientific Name

Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch

Plant Part Harvested

Bulb

Medicinal Properties

Anxiety, palpitations, depression and rheumatoid arthritis are further ailments treated with the plant. Hypoxis hemerocallidea is used to build up the immune system of patients suffering from cancer and HIV. ... hemerocallidea are also effective in the treatment of the urinary system.

4 - Mpeppo.jpg

Imphepho 

Scientific Name

Helichrysum patulum 

Plant Part Harvested

Foilage

Medicinal Properties

Helichrysum patulum is medically used to treat many ailments such as asthma, bladder infections, gynaecological disorders, backache, fatigue, stress hypertension, cardiac problems and influenza. The strongly aromatic leaves can be used to keep insects and parasites away.

5 - Buchu.jpg

Buchu, Boegoe

Scientific Name

Agathosma spp.1,3,5

Plant Part Harvested

Foilage

Medicinal Properties

Historically, buchu has been used to treat inflammation, and kidney and urinary tract infections; as a diuretic and as a stomach tonic. Other uses include carminative action and treatment of cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis, and gout. It also has been used for leukorrhea and yeast infections.

7 - Kalmus.jpg

Kalmus

Scientific Name

Acorus calmus L

Plant Part Harvested

Root

Medicinal Properties

The aromatic, bitter rhizomes are used in the treatment of indigestion, flatulence and diarrhoea. It is also used to stimulate appetite. Its traditional uses are mainly as a digestive and carminative and sometimes as an emetic, anti-spasmodic and anthelmintic.

Hyraceum.jpg

Dassiepis

Scientific Name

Hyraceum

Plant Part Harvested

Excrement

Medicinal Properties

The strongly aromatic hyraceum is also a well-known Khoikhoi medicine, often used as a post-natal medicine for mothers and babies and a remedy for hysteria and epilepsy (van Wyk, 2008). The fossil is formed from the faeces and urine of P.

Matunga.jpg

Matunga , White April fool

Scientific Name

Haemanthus albiflos

Plant Part Harvested

Bulb

Medicinal Properties

Not many medicinal uses have been chronicled, but preparations of different parts, mostly of the bulb and roots, are said to provide relief from persistent coughs. It has also been used in traditional folklore as a protective charm to ward off lightning.

Peucedanum galbanum.jpg

Mountain celery, bergselder

Scientific Name

Peucedanum galbanum

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage

Medicinal Properties

In the traditional medicine of the indigenous peoples of the Cape, it has been recorded as a diuretic and as a treatment for rheumatism, gout, bladder ailments, water retention and high blood pressure. The medicinal application of the plant's foliage took the form of an infusion.

Fynbos.jpg

Bittabos

Scientific Name

Chironia baccifera

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage

Medicinal Properties

It was originally used by the Khoi and adopted by the early European settlers. One of the main uses is as a purgative. Infusions and tinctures are used to treat a range of ailments including haemorrhoids (piles), stomach ulcers, syphilis, leprosy, diabetes and kidney and bladder infections.

Bitter patat.jpg

Bitter patat 

Scientific Name

Kedrostis nana

Plant Part Harvested

Bulb

Medicinal Properties

Helps for Diabetes.

Drimia Elata.jpg

Red onion mascaban

Scientific Name

Drimia elata 

Plant Part Harvested

Bulb

Medicinal Properties

Has been claimed to be effective in bronchial and cardiac disorders. It has been also used topically as hair tonic for dandruff and seborrhea. Ethnomedicinal application of numerous Drimia species has been reported from different African countries. ... elata is used as emetic and expectorant by African people.

Kaneelbol, Rooirabas

Scientific Name

Pelargonium sp. (tubulare)

Plant Part Harvested

Tuber 

Medicinal Properties

The medicinal properties of Pelargonium are well documented. Some of the species was used by the indigenous people of southern Africa to provide relief with dysentery and diarrhea. Leaf extracts from some species have shown to contain antimicrobial effects.

Kankerbos.jpg

Cancer bush, Kankerbos 

Scientific Name

Lessertia frutescens

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage 

Medicinal Properties

Infusions from the leaves and stems are used to treat cancers, fever, diabetes, kidney and liver problems, rheumatism, and stomach ailments. It is also used in the treatment of mental and emotional stress, including irritability, anxiety and depression and is used as a gentle tranquillizer.

Sandolien.jpg

Ysterhoutkoppe, Sandolien

Scientific Name

Dodonaea viscosa Royen ex Blume

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage 

Medicinal Properties

The leaves are used externally as a remedy for itchy skin and to treat skin rashes. An extract of the leaves is used as a mild purgative and for rheumatism, sorethroat and haemorrhoids. Other early uses of the plant include the treatment of pneumonia, tuberculosis and skin rashes.

Renosterbos.jpeg

Renosterbos

Scientific Name

Elytropappus rhinocerotis

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage 

Medicinal Properties

Elytropappus rhinocerotis is a medicinal plant in traditional African medicine. The young tips of the branches are used in traditional medicine to treat indigestion and stomach ulcers. The foliage tips are now usually added to wine or brandy for such medicinal consumption.

Wit storm.jpg

White storm, Wit storm

Scientific Name

Thesium disciflorum

Plant Part Harvested

Root

Medicinal Properties

Anti inflammatory and Analgesic

Blou blomsalie.jpg

Blou-blomsalie 

Scientific Name

Salvia africana-caerulea

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage

Medicinal Properties

Many African salvias, including Salvia africana have long been used by the people of Africa as medicinal plants and to flavour food. ... africana to treat coughs, colds and women's ailments. The leaves, mixed with those of Ballota africana (kattekruie) were also used to treat fevers and measles.

Moerbos.jpg

Moerbos

Scientific Name

Aristea africana Hoffmanns

Plant Part Harvested

Foliage

LEAFMEFME.jpg

Black storm, Swart storm

Scientific Name

Thesium lineatum 

Plant Part Harvested

Root

Soet Wortel.jpg

Sweet root Soet wortel

Scientific Name

Glycyrrhiza glabra 

Plant Part Harvested

Root

Medicinal Properties

Licorice, an extract of the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, is used as a sweetening and flavoring agent. It is also used as an herbal remedy for gastritis and upper respiratory tract infections (as an expectorant). Modern cough syrups often include licorice extract.

Wildewingerd.jpg

Wildewingerd

Scientific Name

Cliffordia odorata

Plant Part Harvested

Foilage

Medicinal Properties

The leaves of Cliffortia odorata have a variety of medicinal uses in traditional medicine and some of its properties are now recognized in modern pharmacology. The leaves are used to treat cattle, goats and dogs, and as a lotion to wash wounds, infected sores, bites, blisters and to soothe haemorrhoids.

Rossemary.jpg

Rosemary, Roosmaryn

Scientific Name

Rosmarinus officinalis

Plant Part Harvested

Foilage

Medicinal Properties

The herb has been hailed since ancient times for its medicinal properties. Rosemary was traditionally used to help alleviate muscle pain, improve memory, boost the immune and circulatory system, and promote hair growth

Kaneelbol.jpg